A quick comparison – Lists, Tuples and Dictionary in Python!

Why this post?

These three words are very common in Python language. Everyone, who loves Python should have a clean idea on Lists, Tuples and Dictionaries in Python. All of them are used to manage sequences in Python. Python has six built-in types of sequences, but the most common ones are lists, tuples and dictionaries.

Please go through the startup sessions of Python and get a basic idea on how to code Python. Now-a-days we do not have enough time to waste. We all are busy! And we required some automation tools to reduce the work load and save the time.

Python is a good and simple language for this purpose. Bookmark the Index page and read more about Python.

Python Lists

List is the most basic sequence data structure in Python. List a sequence of elements, each elements are referred by a number starting from 0 (zero) called Index number. The first index is zero, the second index is one, and so forth.

The objects/elements in the List is mutable, which means we can change its value at any time.

Defining a Python List

We can define a lists by using square bracket with elements separated by comma.

MyList = [‘Arun’, ‘Lal’, ‘Tom’, ‘Leo’]

That’s it!

Please read the following posts to get more idea on Python lists…

Sequences and Lists – Array concept in Python
More about sequences and Lists – Array concept in Python part 2

Python Tuples

I like to call, it’s immutable lists. A tuple is a sequence of immutable Python objects. Tuples are sequences, just like lists. We can not change the values in a Tuple, once it’s created.

Python Tuples are defined in parentheses(()), whereas lists are defined by using square brackets([]).

Like list, we can simply define a Python tuple in parentheses with comma separated objects.

Examples:

MyTup = ('Arun', 'lal', 'Tom')

Defining an empty tuple:

emtup = ()

We can not change the elements in a tuple once it is created.

Python Dictionary

It’s something different than the concept of Lists and Tuples. It’s a comma separated Key Value pairs. This Key Value pairs are called Items in a Dictionary. Each key is separated from its value by a colon (:), the items are separated by commas, and the whole thing is enclosed in curly braces.

Please see the example pasted below:

MyDict = {'Name':'Arun', 'Age':28, 'ID':'dErt432'}

print(MyDict)
{'Age': 28, 'ID': 'dErt432', 'Name': 'Arun'}

Keys are unique within a dictionary while values may not be. Value can repeat for different keys. The values of a dictionary can be of any type, but the keys must be of an immutable data type such as strings, numbers, or tuples.

A lot of options are available with Python Dictionary. I will create a separate article to explain this in detail.

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Arunlal Ashok

Operations Engineer at Endurance International Group. Linux lover. Like to play on Linux console. I started this blog to share and discuss Linux thoughts.

Always happy for an open discussion! Write to arun (@) crybit (dot) com. Check about me for more details. About this blog and our strong members, check The team CryBit.com
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