Exclude a directory or multiple directories while using find command

Is it possible to exclude a directory with find command? Exclude directories while doing running find command?

Yep, the command FIND has wide range of options to search what you actually looking for. I have already listed different switches and its usages with examples. Here we go for excluding some directories from our find job.

In some cases, we have to exclude some directories from our search pattern to improve the search speed or efficiency. If the server has a lot of directories and we are sure about that the file / directory that we are searching is not in some directories, we can directly exclude those to improve the performance. The result will be faster as compared to the full search.

Quick view on “Find command and switches

There are different ways to exclude a directory or multiple directories in FIND command. Here I’m listing some methods!

To explain this, I created the following directories and files:

  •  “cry“, “bit” and “com” directories.
  • ” findme “: The test file in all directories.

Lets see the output:

# find -iname findme
./bit/findme
./com/findme
./cry/findme

Method 1 : Using the option “-prune -o”

We can exclude directories by using the help of “path“, “prune“, “o” and “print” switches with find command.

See the example:

# find ./ -path ./bit/* -prune -o -iname findme -print
./com/findme
./cry/findme

The directory “bit” will be excluded from the find search!

Method 2 : Using “! -path”

This is not much complicated compared to first method. See the example pasted below:

# find -iname findme ! -path ./bit/*
./com/findme
./cry/findme

Method 3 : Simple 🙂

Yes, it’s very simple. We can ignore the location by using inverse grep “grep -v” option.

See the example:

# find -iname findme|grep -v bit
./com/findme
./cry/findme

Excluding multiples directories

Similar way we can exclude multiple directories also. See the sample outputs:

# find -iname findme ! -path ./bit/* ! -path ./cry?*
./com/findme

Or

# find -iname findme | egrep -v "bit|cry"
./com/findme

That’s it. Compose it your own ways!!

Related

1, 10+ commonly using find command switches with example Unix/Linux
2, How to find the total number of connections for a cPanel account from the log files
3, How to check all opened files in a directory – lsof command

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Arunlal Ashok

Senior Operations Engineer (SRE) at NewFold Digital. Linux lover. Traveller. Father of two princesses.

Always happy for an open discussion! Write to arun ((@)) crybit ((dot)) com.
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/arunlal-a-18037773/

One thought on “Exclude a directory or multiple directories while using find command

  1. Fantastic tutorial. Well constructed with the “findme” files in each directory, to verify what has been found and what excluded.

    I’ve kept this in my set of Linux tutorial pages.

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